There are actually hundreds of domesticated chicken breeds all over the world some of which have distinct physical and behavioral characteristics due to cross-breeding and geographical factors. Chicken breeds are categorized according to their principal use, whether for eggs, meat, or ornamental purposes; some are also categorized as dual-purpose.
Chickens don’t just come in red and white. . .they come in black, as well!
Normally, a breed’s physical traits differentiate it from other chickens such as size, color of plumage, type of comb (style), color of skin color, number of toes, feathering, color of earlobes and eggs, and geographical origin.
All chickens lay eggs, have edible meat, and have a unique appearance common to their particular breed. However, distinct breeds are the result of selective breeding to emphasize certain traits. Any breed may technically be used for general agricultural purposes, and all breeds are shown to some degree. But each chicken breed is known for a primary use.
Chickens for Egg Production
Egg producing chickens are generally light-weight and hens have a balanced temperament.
Egg Producing Chicken Breeds
Asturian Painted Hen
White-Faced Black Spanish
Chickens for Meat Production
People who raise chickens for the meat alone prefer dual purpose breeds for meat production purposes, the following breeds are commonly used.
Common Meat Producing Chicken Breeds
Indian Game (or Cornish)
The chicken breeds usually seen in farms and backyards all over the world are chickens that produce both meat and eggs. Although some of these breeds are slightly better for either egg or meat production, they are normally called dual-purpose breeds.
Common Dual-Purpose Chicken Breeds
Rhode Island Red
Rhode Island White
Chickens for Game, Exhibition and Show
For more than 100 years, the breeding of chicken for competitive game, exhibition and has greatly influenced the development of chicken breeds. Some breeds have been cross-developed with other breeds in order to come up with game, exhibition and show birds.
Game, Exhibition and Show Breeds
American Game G
La Fleche U
Barbu de Watermael
Old English Game G
Blue Hen of Delaware G
Croad Langshan U